JACOBS, JOSEPH

JACOBS, JOSEPH (1854–1916), Jewish historian, folklorist, and scholar. He was born in Sydney, Australia, studied in England, and, after graduating in history in Cambridge, went to complete his studies in Berlin where he worked under Steinschneider. On his return to England he became an author and journalist. He was an extremely prolific writer and worker. In the general sphere, he had a reputation as a folklorist and student of comparative literature, publishing large numbers of books and articles on these subjects; and he was for some years editor of the periodical Folk-Lore. Even as his specialized interest in folklore made him a researcher into Jewish ethnology, his interest in statistics led him to another branch of anthropology, namely the study of the "racial" characteristics of Jews. Still another anthropological interest is evident in his application of the method of comparative institutional archaeology to the Bible in his Studies in Biblical Archaeology (1894). But his Jewish enthusiasms were uppermost. With lucien wolf he organized the Anglo-Jewish Historical Exhibition of 1887 and edited its monumental catalog and bibliography. He took the lead in organizing British public opinion at the time of the Russian Jewish pogroms in 1882 and was editor of the periodical Darkest Russia. He founded and edited (1896–99) the Jewish Year Book. His writings on medieval Anglo-Jewish history, culminating in his Jews of Angevin England (1893), set the study of that subject on a new basis. In 1888 he went to Spain to inquire into the Jewish historical material there, the result being his An Enquiry into the Sources of the History of the Jews in Spain (1894). In 1900, he was called to the U.S. as one of the editors of the Jewish Encyclopaedia. He not only edited, and largely wrote, the articles in the departments of anthropology and Anglo-Jewish history, but also gave direction to the whole work and wrote many articles on diverse subjects (e.g., bibliography) in emergency. At the same time, he lectured at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, edited the American Jewish Year Book and the American Hebrew, etc. A work on Jewish Contributions to Civilisation was issued posthumously. He wrote a novel on the life of Jesus, As Others Saw Him (1895). His output was vast and generally well written, and on a very high level. It is sometimes, however, marred by carelessness and haste – a result of economic conditions – and (especially in his early work) by the inadequacy of his Hebrew knowledge. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: JHSET, 8 (1915–17), 129–52; A. Marx, Essays in Jewish Biography (Philadelphia, 1947), 251–4; DAB. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: ODNB; B. Maidment, "The Literary Career of Joseph Jacobs," in: JHSET, 24 (1970–73), 101–13. (Cecil Roth)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jacobs, Joseph — ▪ English scholar born Aug. 29, 1854, Sydney, N.S.W. [Australia] died Jan. 30, 1916, Yonkers, N.Y., U.S.       Australian born English folklore scholar, one of the most popular 19th century adapters of children s fairy tales. He was also a… …   Universalium

  • Jacobs, Joseph — (1854 1916)    Born in Australia of Jewish parents, Jacobs wrote chiefly on Jewish history and culture, but between 1889 and 1900 he was actively involved on the Council of the Folklore Society. At his suggestion, the Society renamed its journal… …   A Dictionary of English folklore

  • Jacobs, Joseph — (1854 1916)    British historian, folklorist and scholar. Born in Australia, he settled in England, where he became active as an author and journalist. He was the founder (in 1896) and editor of the Jewish Year Book. His studies of medieval Anglo …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Jacobs, Joseph — (b. 1854)    Writer on folk lore and Jewish history. English Fairy Tales (1890), Celtic Fairy Tales (1891), Indian Fairy Tales (1892), Reynard the Fox (1895), Jews of Angevin England (1893), Sources of the History of the Jews in Spain (1895); has …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • JACOBS, Joseph (1854-1916) — historian and folklorist was born at Sydney on 29 August 1854, the son of John and Sarah Jacobs. He was educated at Sydney grammar school and at Sydney university, where he won a scholarship for classics, mathematics and chemistry. He did not… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • Joseph ha-Kohen — (* 20. Dezember 1496 in Avignon; † nach 1577 in Genua) war ein jüdischer Arzt und Chronist in Italien. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Jacobs — For other people named Joseph Jacobs, see Joseph Jacobs (disambiguation). Joseph Jacobs Born August 29, 1854(1854 08 29) Australia Died January 30, 1916(1916 01 30) (aged 61) United States Occupation …   Wikipedia

  • Joseph Jacobs — (29 août 1854 – 30 janvier 1916) est un historien de la littérature et du judaïsme. Membre du comité éditorial de la Jewish Encyclopaedia, il fut aussi un folkloriste remarquable, qui créa plusieurs collections bien connues de contes de fées.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacobs Engineering Group — Inc. Type Public Traded as NYSE: JEC Industry Engineering Architecture Construction Planning Management …   Wikipedia

  • Joseph Jacobs — (* 29. August 1854 in Sydney; † 30. Januar 1916) war ein jüdischer Historiker, der sich vor allem mit Literatur befasste. Er war nicht nur einer der Verfasser der Jewish Encyclopedia, sondern zeigte sich auch für einige bemerkenswerte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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